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Title: Internet of Names. Poetics of Infrastructure
Authors: Fedorova, Natalia
Keywords: ASCII
concrete poetry
information aesthetics
computational sublime
Issue Date: 18-Oct-2017
Abstract: IDN or Internationalized Domain Name is a domain name that allows the use of Unicode characters. IDN is stored in Domain Name System and encoded in ASCII. This paradoxical practice nailing down all the Cyrillic, Arabic, Chinese etc web sites names to the initial and archaic ASCII is the aim of critique by IDN project (2016) of JODI, a duo of net artists Joan Heemskerk and Dirk Paesmans. Jodi’s IDN is a series of 32 websites that use single Unicode glyphs as domain names (ᐅ.net,ꂓ.com, ꄬ.com). Websites names have either performative relationships with their names, displaying the architectural variations of the Canadian Syllabic, Yi, or Tamil glyphs, or error messages, or animating the address line by their ASCII encoding. Doing either of these they demonstrate the multi surfaced stack of internet text communication infrastructure (Bratton, 2016). Unicode (unique, universal, uniform) encoding allowing for computing in all the known writing systems was created in 1987 by Joe Becker. ASCII (American Standard Code of Information Interchange) was introduced in 1963 by American Standards Association to represent text in computers and other telecommunication devices. Until now something ASCII is an encooding system beyond all the Internet protocoles, including HTTP. From its very beginning in the 90s with the work of such artists as Vuk Cosic, Alexey Shulgin, Netochka Nezvanova, Mez Breeze, Olia Lialina, and JODI was designed to disintegrate interactive media art utopia to “ironic low-tech works that played with bugs, incompatibilities and disruptions in software”(Cramer, 2005). The form and subject of this art movement is the net, its encodings and protocols, “the infrastructure—the cables and lines, the standards and protocols, all the industrial transfer technologies that reside in the space beyond the screen”(Galloway, 2016).
Appears in Collections:1. Re:Trace Conference - Keynotes, Papers & Posters

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